# Session 1 Activity and Presentation Hypothesis Generation and Testing

Session 1 Activity and Presentation

Hypothesis Generation and Testing

An important step in the scientific method is forming a hypothesis. The hypothesis is formed by examining the observations carefully and making an educated guess as to what the outcome might be. That hypothesis will then be tested through experimentation. This activity today illustrates the basic steps of hypothesis formation and testing.

Materials Needed

• One coin

Online Students:

You are going to flip a coin several times and note how many heads or tails you get. You already have some idea (I bet) of what the outcome will be. Before you get started, think about the outcome you expect. Review the following steps in order to complete this activity.

• Use the  Session 1      Activity and Presentation Session      1 Activity and Presentation – Alternative Formats document      to complete this exercise.
• Write down your prediction of what you think will happen if      you flip a coin 30 times (i.e., how many heads versus tails will you get).      You are developing a hypothesis by writing down your      predictions.
• Now, flip your coin 30 times. Record your results as tally      marks in the first row of the table.
• Did you get a 50:50 ratio between heads and tails? Did you      get what you expected? Likely, you did not get exactly a 50:50 ratio.      Was your prediction wrong? If not, revise your hypothesis and describe the      issue in the “Prediction” column of the second row in the table.
• Flip your coin another 30 times and record your results along      with your previous 30 flips. Now, what do your probabilities look like?
• Complete one last round of flipping your coin 30 times. How      does it improve your results? What would you do to get results that are      even closer to 50/50?

Then create a 7-8 slide PowerPoint presentation that includes the following slides:

• An introduction to the activity, explaining its purpose.
• Your hypothesis about the outcome of the activity
• Procedure: How you tested and      potentially revised your hypothesis (i.e., brief instructions about how      the activity was performed)
• Provide enough information in case someone else wanted to       reproduce your experiment.
• Your results (include your table and a brief comparison of the      probabilities)
• If you need help creating a table       in PowerPoint refer to this tutorial
• Your conclusion (which should include discussion on the following      questions)
• How well did your hypothesis correspond to what you actually       found when you experimented?
• Why your results may not totally match your expectations?
• What        variables might influence your results?
• How does this simple experiment apply to how experimenters       in science get the best results?

Note: Do not use the “notes” section at the bottom of your PowerPoint slides as this section will not be visible in Blackboard for instructors to view while grading the assignment.

Click on the Session 1 Activity and Presentation link to submit your assignment by the posted due date. Review the rubric available in Due Dates and Grades for specific grading criteria.

In-Seat Students:

This activity will be completed in class. After completing the in-class activity, create a 7-8 slide PowerPoint presentation summarizing your learning in this activity. Your power point must include the following slides:

• An introduction to the activity, explaining its purpose and      how the activity is done.
• Your hypothesis about the outcome of the activity
• How you tested and revised your hypothesis
• Your results (include your table and a brief comparison of      the probabilities)
• Your conclusion (which should include discussion on the      following questions)
• How well did your hypothesis correspond to what you actually       found when you experimented?
• Why your results may not totally match your expectations
• How does this simple experiment apply to how experimenters       in science get the best results?

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